The concept of freedom of speech is straightforward as its own independent concept but it’s not that easy when it comes to its relationship to the other rights that people have in their country. As a matter of fact the judicial systems all over the world are working tirelessly every single day to figure out where one right ends and another right begins.
The right to freedom and speech is closely related to the rights of other rights, and it may when it comes in contact with those other rights might be limited. For instance there is the right to expression which is in line with the right to a fair trial. So if you were accused of a crime you would have the right, under the first amendment, to defend yourself and prove your innocence in a court of law but this might mean that you might be limited in your ability to access information as a result of the trial. While you can say whatever you want you are not, on the other hand, able to limit someone’s right to privacy. So while you might know the numbers to someone’s bank account, it is not allowed under your free speech to give out those numbers over the radio because it limits that other person’s freedom of privacy.
Now you are also not allowed to say things to dishonor or disparage anyone but with public figures this becomes a lax issue. Part of their job is to come under scrutiny and criticism so if your criticism is far or done as a part of obvious satire then it’s likely that you will come under no fire for your comments. Like you have the right to swing your arms about and throw punches but the next time they are targeted at someone you will have a problem.